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UOL ANTI-PLAGIARISM POLICY

PREAMBLE
The University of Lahore (UoL) identifies research and scholarly publications key to the realization of its mission, and is therefore determined to keep strengthening its research capabilities and culture. It strives to provide a vibrant research environment facilitating faculty, students and researchers to carry out original and quality research for the larger gains of the society as a whole. However, the management of UoL firmly believes that the aim cannot be achieved without dealing with the menace of plagiarism.

PURPOSE
This policy document focuses on providing clear guidelines on all matters related to plagiarism. Furthermore, it aims at establishing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for effective, seamless and timely implementation of plagiarism policies, university-wide.

SCOPE
The policy strictly applies to all research activities being carried out at The University of Lahore in all its postgraduate research programs e.g. MS/MPhil/PhD/Equivalent, etc.

POLICY STATEMENT
a) The university shall hold zero tolerance for any kind of plagiarism.
b) All anti-plagiarism policies, rules, regulations and guidelines given by HEC shall be adopted and fully implemented university-wide in letter and spirit.
c) Academic honesty shall be promoted across the board through training and dissemination of documents like researchers’ code of conduct etc.
d) Turnitin shall be used as the official software to check plagiarism of texts written in languages permissible in the software. In addition, only officially provided Turnitin accounts shall be used to check plagiarism. Furthermore, these accounts shall not be used to check plagiarism of research work other than the one carried out at/by UoL. 
e) In no case shall personal email IDs be used by UoL’s faculty, students, researchers, etc. for any correspondence.
f) Any violation(s) to this policy document shall be immediately reported to UoL’s Plagiarism Standing Committee and/or to other appropriate official body through proper channel.

DEFINITION OF PLAGIARISM
HEC has comprehensively defined plagiarism in its ‘Plagiarism Policy’. The excerpts of the said policy are given as under:
According to Oxford Dictionary, plagiarism is defined as ‘taking and using the thoughts, writings and inventions of another person as one’s own’. This, or various similar definitions found in recognized publications / documents, are very broad and can be used to create awareness about Plagiarism but are not practical enough to apply in order to ascertain guilt or innocence in specific cases. In order to establish the violation of ethical norms, or academic or intellectual dishonesty resulting from Plagiarism and to take punitive actions in this regard, it is necessary that the variety of forms in which Plagiarism manifests itself are known. These include but are not limited to the following: 
Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author's paper or unpublished report without citing the exact reference. 
Copying elements of another author's paper, such as equations or illustrations that are not common knowledge, or copying or purposely paraphrasing sentences without citing the source.
Verbatim copying portions of another author's paper or from reports by citing but not clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g. not applying quotation marks correctly) and /or not citing the source correctly.
The unacknowledged use of computer programs, mathematical / computer models / algorithms, computer software in all forms, macros, spreadsheets, web pages, databases, mathematical deviations and calculations, designs / models / displays of any sort, diagrams, graphs, tables, drawings, works of art of any sort, fine art pieces or artifacts, digital images, computer-aided design drawings, GIS files, photographs, maps, music / composition of any sort, posters, presentations and tracing.
Self-plagiarism, that is, the verbatim or near-verbatim re-use of significant portions of one's own copyrighted work without citing the original source.

ADOPTION OF HEC POLICIES
As mentioned earlier, all anti-plagiarism policies, rules, regulations and guidelines provided by HEC shall be adopted and fully implemented university-wide in letter and spirit. HEC also issues notifications from time to time as an on-going activity. Therefore, all such notifications shall be deliberated at appropriate forum(s) of UoL for adoption in the light of university settings. HEC Plagiarism Policy is enclosed herewith for ready reference. 

TURNITIN
Turnitin is an internet-based plagiarism detection service, being used globally to check plagiarism. It helps students, faculty, and researchers etc. to determine a similarity index of the submitted documents. HEC is encouraging universities and institutions to use Turnitin for checking plagiarism in assignments, papers and reports etc. UoL has already been keeping and making use of this extremely useful plagiarism detection software.
The university shall offer Turnitin services as per following guidelines:
Who is Eligible to Get a Turnitin Account?
The university Pro Rectors, Director ORIC, Director QEC, Deans, Head of Departments (HoDs) and Librarians shall be eligible for obtaining Turnitin account by the virtue of their positions. However, faculty members may also obtain Turnitin account with the joint approval of the respective HoD and Rector UoL. 
How to get Turnitin Access/Account?
Download the ‘Turnitin Access Form’ from QEC webpage at the official UoL website.
Submit the duly filled, signed and stamped ‘Turnitin Access Form’ to QEC.
QEC shall process the request in 2-3 working days and communicate login and password to the eligible candidate on the official email address without sending a courtesy copy (CC) to anyone.
‘UOL Turnitin User Guidelines’
‘UOL Turnitin User Guidelines’ shall be developed, explaining each step with necessary screenshots to guide users on how to upload documents and check plagiarism. These guidelines shall be sent by QEC to all new users. 
Note: Refer to HEC guidelines on ‘How to Interpret Originality Report’.

System Control
To upload a single file on Turnitin, the users are advised to keep in view the following instructions:
The file must be less than 20 MB.
The maximum number of pages allowed is 400.
File types allowed are MS Word, WordPerfect, PostScript, PDF, HTML, RTF, PPT, PPTX, PPS, HWP and plain text.

RESEARCHERS CODE OF CONDUCT
All faculty, students and researchers are expected to: 
Ensure the observance of the universal moral principles of research
Abide by all UoL research policies, rules , regulations and guidelines etc. as well as follow local and international applicable policies and established practices
Avoid immoral research practices like improperly listed authors, carelessness, failing to report conflicting data etc
Apply suitable and relevant research methods
Conclude on the basis of critical analysis of the evidence
Report completely and correctly, the findings of a research
Keep clear, complete and accurate records of all research
Include in authors’ list the name of only those individuals who meet the applicable authorship criteria
Acknowledge in publications the individuals who made contributions to the research including but not limited to writers, funders, sponsors etc
Obtain informed consent (assurance on the confidentiality, and the right to withdraw from the study at any time) prior to data collection
Keep privacy/secrecy when reviewing others' work, and
Avoid plagiarism of any kind, type or form.

Note: Refer to HEC guidelines on ‘Ethics of Using Turnitin for Administrators and Faculty’).

DUTY TO REPORT   
All UoL community members have the implicit duty to report to the authorities concerned, in good faith and without fear, any suspected research misconduct like fabrication, falsification and plagiarism etc. and/or any incident where known facts indicate a possibility of a policy violation.

POLICY AUDIT
QEC and ORIC shall jointly audit the departments, libraries etc. for checking the implementation of the aforementioned policies and SOPs.

POLICY REVISION
The policy shall be revised, as and when required.