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Dr. Samia Sarmad explains University Hospital’s competence of treating stroke attacks
Spectacle: Briefly tell us about yourself and training experience.  
Dr. Sarmad: I am Dr. Samia Sarmad PT, supervising the Paediatric Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Centre at ULTH. I have a 20-year experience in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation. I have been attached to different clinical setups as a Paediatric Rehabilitation Therapist Consultant, supervised programmes of Paediatric Rehabilitation at Institutes of Special Education, Psychological Services and Physical Rehabilitation. Within my career path, I have been able to prove that through targeted, efficient and consistent therapy regime, we can bring change in the world of disabilities. I now strongly believe that any professional in our field, should have the vision to explore all hidden abilities behind any disability of a patient and should deal with such patients with great sensitivity because it is a matter of improving the quality of life for an individual and his/her family.  
Spectacle: How did the Centre start and what kind of services does it offer?
Dr. Sarmad:  It has been functional since 2017, providing comprehensive rehabilitation facilities of neuromuscular disorders in paediatric and adult population i.e. cerebral palsy, autism, attention deficit hyperactive disorder/hyper mobility, stroke, parkisonism and so on. It was started under the guidance of Professor Dr. Ashfaq Ahmad, Associate Dean (FAHS) and HoD (UIPT) with the aim of providing all essential therapies under one roof and these include: Physical/Functional therapy, Sensory Motor Integration therapy, Neuromuscular retraining and Re-education, Postural and Kinesthetic Awareness, Proprioception and Vestibular Rehabilitation, Gait Training, Occupational therapy, Speech and language therapy, Cognition therapy,  Behaviour modification programme, Attention / Focus Training  and Psychological counselling. We also educate parents and families regarding 24-hour conduct, positioning and handling of patients with disabilities. Our vision is to establish it as a State-of-the art Rehabilitation Centre where pleasurable ambiance is provided to the patient along with therapeutic competence.

Spectacle: Please share the current status of the facility  
Dr. Sarmad: We are working under the name of Paediatric Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Centre but it would soon be renamed, ‘Adult and Paediatric Physical Therapy and Neurorehabilitation Centre’ to also cover adult population with neuromuscular disorders.
Our OPD daily average is 15-20 patients consisting of adult and paediatric (children) population. By the grace of Allah, we are providing all the required therapies on a one-on-one basis by designing individualized programs for each and every patient after complete evaluation. We are determined to provide competent services in a good environment and the hospital administration is facilitating the underprivileged patients. Neuro-rehabilitation requires multi-dimensional approach with special vision, expertise and empathetic attribute. The Centre is ably handling this task.  

Spectacle: What is your major goal and the caliber of professionals attached to the center?   
Dr. Sarmad: The Centre is working with the objective that every patient should have the right of being loved, cared and respected. The team working at the Centre consists of Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Cognitive Therapists, and Speech and Language Pathologists who are fully motivated to provide services with great efficiency and proficiency.

Spectacle: Today, we are faced with brain attack as a serious societal health problem. Can you briefly talk about it and how you deal with it?   

Dr. Sarmad: A stroke is a “brain attack”. It can happen to anyone when blood flow to an area of brain is cut off. When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of adult disability. Survivors experience persistent difficulty with daily tasks as a direct consequence. Stroke rehabilitation is the way to regain lost abilities and skills. It is a primary mechanism through which functional recovery is promoted in acute stroke. Early interventions with effective therapies are vital to avoid profound disabilities as it adds physical and psychological toll in the lives not only of patients but also of their families. Stroke rehabilitation is a coordinated and immense teamwork comprising of physicians, physical therapist/functional therapists, occupational therapist, speech and language pathologists, clinical psychologists and so on.

Every specialized professional has his/her own specific role to heterogenecally control medical comorbidities (blood pressure, diabetes mellitus), pain, motor/sensory deficits, cognition deficits and communication deficits through different treatment strategies as well as guidance towards use of orthotics, positioning, handling and educating the family regarding 24 hours conduct to improve patient participation in activities of daily livings. These all not only facilitate the patients to regain his/her activity and participation level and become active member of the society but releases psychological stress of the patient as well.

  • Dr. Samia Sarmad explains University Hospital’s competence of treating stroke attacks
  • Dr. Samia Sarmad explains University Hospital’s competence of treating stroke attacks
  • Dr. Samia Sarmad explains University Hospital’s competence of treating stroke attacks
  • Dr. Samia Sarmad explains University Hospital’s competence of treating stroke attacks
  • Dr. Samia Sarmad explains University Hospital’s competence of treating stroke attacks
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